The Paris Agreement on Combating Climate Change is universal in that it applies to all countries. It creates a new international climate regime that moves away from the Kyoto Protocol, which was aimed only at historical emitters and applied a top-down approach. Even most countries have not contributed to the great threat to human life posed by climate change, but now all countries – not just the largest historical emitters – must do their part. The space remaining in the atmosphere for greenhouse gases (also known as the CARBONE budget) is now too little to pursue emissions if we are to avoid the dangerous effects of climate and irreversible consequences. The need for action is so great and urgent that no one on this planet can continue or wish to live fossil fuels and a Western consumer lifestyle. And developing countries must avoid repeating the ecological mistakes of historical emitters. The Paris Agreement contains a series of binding measures to monitor, verify and publicly report progress towards a country`s emissions reduction targets. Improving transparency rules applies a common framework to all countries, providing housing and support to nations that are not currently able to strengthen their systems over time. President Trump just kept one of his promises. On Monday, his government began the formal process of withdrawing the United States from the Paris climate agreement. The separation will not be official until November 4, 2020 – the day after the next presidential elections – and many governors and mayors are doing everything in their power to keep the agreement alive in their part of the country. The NRDC is working to make the Global Climate Climate Action Summit a success by inspiring more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and enhanced pollution reduction initiatives. The president`s promise to renegotiate the international climate agreement has always been a smokescreen, the oil industry has a red phone at the Home Office, and will Trump bring food trucks to Old Faithful? The Paris Agreement brings a great historical change.
This is due to its universality, which applies to all nations. This is also due to the fact that the agreement clearly shows all concerned that the world is moving towards a paradigm that integrates the reality of the fight against climate change. This is already reflected on the stock markets – in the days following the adoption of this agreement, stock market movements have already shown a shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy. Although this agreement is weak and has many flaws, it is the best outcome we can expect from all the governments of the world. It is far from perfect and sufficient to combat climate change, but it is a good step forward. «The good news,» they write, «is that such transformative change, along with social and economic justice, promises much more human well-being for all than business as usual.» What can also be very worrying and a real danger to the environment is the inclusion of vague elements and concepts such as sinks to absorb carbon into the atmosphere, so that the door remains open to geoengineering and other technological approaches. This belief in unlimited technological progress pushes us in the opposite direction of this agreement, especially when Co2 capture projects do not work or are halted due to inefficiency. It creates the illusion that we can continue to pollute the environment, because one day we will find solutions and delay concrete action.