What Would Ending The Us-Philippines Visiting Forces Agreement Actually Do

Of course, because it`s still early since Duterte`s VFA threat. And the impact of its actual termination would depend on a number of factors, including the termination process, the impact on broader cooperation with alliances, including existing pacts such as the Enhanced Defence Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) approved by the Philippines in 2016, and the reactions of a number of players, including the United States and China. But as headlines continue to make headlines, it will be important to keep in mind the real impact of a VFA nixing on the Alliance and the region as a whole. Duterte`s foreign minister, Teodoro Locsin Jr., tweeted Tuesday that the visiting force agreement with the United States would be completed, a step that could have consequences for an attack on Islamist extremists in the south of the country. Without the VFA or whatever, Schaus said, it is much more difficult for the United States and the Philippines to cooperate to defend Philippine interests. Last week, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte threatened to denounce the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) with the United States, the latest in a series of threats to Duterte`s alliance since taking office in 2016. While it remains unclear whether and when this termination will actually take place in practice, it is worth thinking about what its nixation would actually mean for the AMéricano-Philippine Alliance and a broader dynamic in the Indo-Pacific. The United States has used the agreement at least twice to keep the accused military under U.S. jurisdiction. [5] On January 18, 2006, the U.S. Military retained custody of four soldiers accused of rape while they were visiting Subic Bay during their trial in a Philippine court. [6] They were detained by U.S. officials at the U.S.

Embassy in Manila. This has led to protests from those who believe that the agreement is unilateral, harmful and contrary to the sovereignty of the Philippines. [Citation required] The agreement has been characterized as immunity from criminal prosecution for U.S. military personnel who commit crimes against Filipinos[7] and treatment of Filipinos as second-class citizens in their own country. [8] [9] As a result of these problems, some members of the Philippine Congress considered ending the VFA in 2006. [10] [11] However, the agreement has not been amended. In substance, the step would not be unimportant either. For the United States, while its alliance with the Philippines may not have been as high as its other Asian alliances and has in the past been below average, it would nevertheless complicate the issue of the presence of U.S. military personnel on Philippine soil, given that the VFA is the agreement that governs this aspect of the alliance relationship. , which has previously proved controversial. The presence of U.S. personnel is not only important bilaterally to support alliance cooperation on a number of issues and contingencies, from terrorism to humanitarian aid to disaster relief, but also at the regional level, as the Philippines is one of the few places where Washington currently has a pact like a pact in the Pacific region.

The agreement contains various procedural safeguards to protect due process rights and prohibit dual threats. [2] [VIII 2-6] The agreement also exempts Filipino personnel from visa formalities and ensures expedited entry and exit; [2] [IV] requires the United States to accept Philippine driver`s licenses; [2] [V] authorizes Philippine personnel to carry weapons in the United States.